When purchasing an air purifier, one of the questions is how to select your air purifier. Once the problem is resolved, a criterion becomes relevant, namely the maintenance of the device.
Maintenance is necessary to continuously optimize filter retention.
Among other things, it is important to take regular care to avoid malfunctions of the device. For example, in a multi-stage air purifier, constipation can lead to a failure of the entire filtration process.
For other types of filters, the maintenance procedure requires greater caution. The various brands of air purifiers offer maintenance modes that are required by the device manual.
Basics to Know About Air Purifier
The models offered by the leading brands of air purifiers are easy to maintain. In fact, maintenance usually requires only cleaning the filters.
The maintenance mode depends on the type of device and the filter used. In fact, the process varies from filter to filter.
For example, a HEPA or highly efficient particulate air filter can be easily replaced. In some cases, it can be cleaned by simple washing.
For newer models such as ionization, combustion or photocatalysis air cleaners, it is sometimes sufficient to clean the filter with hot water about every two weeks. However, it is important to be more careful when dealing with filter systems.
Maintenance of the pre-filter
This pre-filter, which is often made of metal or plastic, is maintenance-free and can be easily cleaned with a brush or cloth.
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Maintenance of the ion filter
An air purifier cleans the air in a room by electrostatic attraction. Metal plates are methodically arranged in the air purifier.
They are therefore charged with ions to hold back the various pollutants.
To maintain the efficiency of the air purifier, it is important to clean these panels regularly so that they are not too full of dirt. To do this, simply proceed as follows:
- In the first step, the device must be turned off and disconnected. The metal plates must then be removed.
- In the second step, the plates must be placed under hot water. Residues are easy to remove in most cases. Use a paper towel to gently wipe off the surface of the plate and be careful not to touch the surface with your fingers. Some models only need a damp cloth. Therefore, it is important to check the manufacturer’s documentation.
- In the third step, the plates must dry properly for a few hours in the fresh air or with a fluffy cloth. Once dry, replace the filter and reconnect the device.
Maintenance of an incineration filter
Combustion air cleaners have a heating system that burns unwanted particles. To do this, he uses an incandescent wire or resistance that heats up.
Other models are equipped with a ceramic body through which the air flows.
In this sense, it is therefore not necessary to clean this ceramic thread or body. However, in the event of a loss of efficiency, it must be replaced.
In addition, a combustion air purifier is also equipped with another filter, which is usually a HEPA filter. The interview is therefore conducted at this level.
Maintenance of a photocatalytic filter
In some models, photocatalytic air purifiers end up with a HEPA filter to prevent dust from passing through.
In addition, this type of air purifier is most often equipped with a UV lamp such as neon tubes, which stimulate the titanium nanotube (catalytic media) to produce titanium dioxide.
The cleaning process therefore only concerns the photocatalytic titanium cartridge.
To do this, always turn off the device and disconnect it. The filter must then be removed additionally (HEPA filter on most models).
Then remove the photocatalytic cartridge and brush it lightly without causing scratches.
In addition, if this procedure is used more or less intensively, it must be carried out two to three times a year.
Maintenance of a plasma filter
Similar to the ion filter, the plasma filter does not require frequent and consistent maintenance.
What do you do with air purifiers equipped with humidifiers?
It should be noted that humidifiers increase the humidity in a room. They are very useful in the treatment of colds and flu.
They also help to combat skin dehydration and improve the sleep of newborns.
If the humidifier is dirty because of the air purifier, it is important to wash it as it can spread bacteria in the air. To do this, you need to use the correct method.
There are two effective ways to clean a humidifier properly:
- The first method is to clean the water tank under the faucet with vinegar. Let the water run into the tank so that it can reach both the bottom and sides of the tank and soak for at least an hour. Vinegar is a natural cleaner that removes deposits from the container wall, and if dirt has formed below, a brush should be used. However, it is not recommended to use a detergent. This could have negative consequences. The water contained in the tank is thrown into the air, so it is important to ensure its contents.
- The second method is the use of water-mixed bleach to disinfect the tank. To do this, simply immerse it in this mixture for at least an hour. To prevent bacteria, it is often necessary to change the water. Longer water residues can lead to mineral deposits. The humidification system must also be cleaned every three days to avoid bacteriological risks.