Let’s say: the reason for panic and going to the doctor will appear only if more than 100 hairs a day. If the number is smaller, the process is within the normal range. To check how actively new ones replace the fallen hundred hair, you can: make a few breaks on different parts of the head and see if there is a young piglet on them. Eat? There’s nothing to worry about.
Why hair falls out
Hair has dozens of reasons for thinning; let’s list the main reasons.
If your next of kin have hair problems, you are more likely to have them. In this case, it is necessary to take care of the prevention of fallout: to visit an endocrinologist and take tests, eat in a balanced way, and take care of the scalp.
A disease with medication or surgery under anesthesia can also trigger hair loss (for example, this problem is noted by many people with coronavirus). Usually, the fallout takes place within a few months, but not longer than six months.
After 50 years in women, hair loss is associated with a decrease in progesterone levels, slowing down metabolic processes and regeneration. But sometimes, for thinning hair take their thinning, caused again by hormonal imbalance.
By limiting yourself in food, you cause a shortage of important minerals (iron, zinc, calcium) and amino acids responsible for healthy hair growth. If you have a full menu, but hair thinning is present, it is necessary to exclude gastrointestinal diseases, in which some substances may not be absorbed.
Hair follicles are sensitive to the male hormone dihydrotestosterone. Because of its influence, hair first grows slower, becomes weak and thin, and then its growth stops altogether. Male-type prolapse is called “androgenetic alopecia,” hair thins in the head and forehead area in men and the area of breakout in women. Hair can also fall out when thyroid hormone (TSH) levels decrease, and in women – in a deficiency of the hormone progesterone.
Severe short-term shock or, conversely, prolonged chronic stress can lead to alopecia.
Why hair falls out especially strongly after childbirth
A separate point – hair loss after pregnancy. Contrary to popular belief, it is not associated with breastfeeding. To understand the reasons, it is worth remembering the phases of hair life cited by Kurt Stenn, professor of dermatology at Yale University School of Medicine, in his book Hair. World history”
the phase of active cell division in the hair follicle and hair growth; lasts from two to six years.
Stopping cell division and hair growth; lasts a few days.
the resting phase, when the hair is well fastened in the bulb; lasts for several months.
“After giving birth, a woman may lose a large amount of hair,” writes Kurt Stenn. During pregnancy, when the woman’s blood increased the content of hormones necessary for the development of the fetus, the anagenic phase lasts longer, hair loss is postponed.
After the child’s birth, the amount of hormones returns to normal, and a huge number of hair follicles in the mother ceases to grow and go into the phase of rest. As soon as the three-month phase of rest is over, the hair begins to fall out, and in much greater numbers than it was before.”
As a rule, there is no cause for concern, good enough care for hair and scalp. But, if the period after childbirth is accompanied by severe stress or the young mother under anesthesia, the fallout can increase – and then you need to visit a trichologist.
Types of hair loss
Doctors highlight these types of alopecia:
- Androgenetic: due to the sensitivity of hair bulbs to dihydrotestosterone.
- Diffuse: uniform hair loss throughout the head due to stress, long-term diseases, hormonal imbalance, deficiency of minerals and trace elements, taking medications.
- Hot: Depending on the stage, the hair falls out on certain areas of the head or the whole head. It is believed that focal alopecia has an autoimmune nature, but it can be provoked by severe stress and other factors. This condition is difficult to treat.
How to reduce hair loss
To begin with, make an appointment with a trichologist who will refer you for tests. Most likely, the doctor will wonder if you have any iron deficiency and if the hormonal background is in order. You may also have to visit a dermatologist, an endocrinologist, and a gynecologist (for example, to rule out polycystic ovaries, which include hair problems).
Also, the trichologist will do a trichoscopy (computer hair diagnosis) and photothichogram – in this method of research from a small area on the skin of the patient’s head shave hair, and then monitor the dynamics of their regrowth, estimate the number of hair in the phase of the anagen and telogen, the indicators of thickness and density. Based on tests and studies, the doctor will prescribe treatment, care, and procedures.
While cosmetics and procedures are working on the health of the scalp and stimulation of hair bulbs, do not forget about the rules of GOA:
On the last point of the French doctor, surgeon Olivier Courten-Clarence in the book “Beauty in your plate” gives such advice:
- Eat salad at least once a day;
- Eat five fruits and vegetables daily;
- Drink coffee, and it is rich in antioxidants;
- observe drinking mode, drink 1.5 – 2 liters of liquid per day: it can be tea, regular or mineral water, broth;
- You can drink some red wine during your meal; it contains tannins antioxidants;
- fermented foods such as gherkins, kimchi, sauerkraut are useful for stimulation of the gut microbiota;
- the obligatory point of the PP program is olive oil, rich in omega fatty acids;
- a supply of nutrients will provide nuts: almonds (proteins, oligo-elements), cashews (magnesium), hazelnuts (calcium), Brazilian nut (selenium), macadamia nuts (iron);
- eggs are the source of protein and eight essential amino acids.
Vitamins and dietary supplements for hair growth
Do I need to take vitamins and bio-additives for hair growth? Yes, if a doctor recommended them in case of a deficiency, based on the result of tests. Typically, hair growth complexes include:
- biotin (vitamin B7);
- Vitamin D;
- micronutrients: calcium, zinc, selenium, copper, iron;
- amino acids: taurine, arginine, cysteine;
- antioxidants: green tea extract, grape extract, vitamins C and E.
Instant effect to expect naively: first of all, nutrients will get to the vital organs in need of them and will only be engaged in hair restoration.
Procedures against hair loss
The simplest, but at the same time effective procedure – massage of the scalp. You can go to a professional masseur or do self-massage, such as carefully combing your hair with natural bristles and swiping on the scalp in different directions.
Another procedure that can be entrusted to a professional or to cope on your own – peeling the
scalp. Usually active components of peels for the scalp – ANA-acid, so you need to use them infrequently, once a week or even a month. Peeling will remove dead cells from the surface of the skin, increase microcirculation, stimulate hair bulbs.
The most radical and effective method is hair transplantation, in which the patient has transplanted his own areas of skin with hair follicles. Inexplicably, but the fact: transplanted hair will not fall out even with hormonal imbalance, clinics give a lifetime guarantee.
And here are the more serious procedures that should be performed only by a doctor-cosmetologist:
- Ozone therapy: exposure to the scalp with oxygen improves microcirculation; it is recommended to do a course.
- Mesotherapy: injections of a cocktail of vitamins and amino acids the doctor chooses to depend on the severity of the problem and personal characteristics of the patient. The course consists of two procedures.
- PRP therapy: this injection of the drug is based on the patient’s own plasma, the optimal course of 5 – 10 procedures.
- Laser therapy: laser radiation activates blood circulation, awakens “sleeping” hair follicles, controls sebum production. The course is long, up to several months.
Cosmetics from loss and for hair growth
For hair prone to lose, you need competent care with the use of special means. Here’s an approximate list of products you’ll need:
Hair growth shampoo can contain vitamins and amino acids, and local irritants (menthol, red pepper extract). But its main benefit in the method of application: churning and distributing the product on the scalp, you do a massage to stimulate the circulation. The main thing is, do not overdo it and do not hold the shampoo for a long time – otherwise, you risk disturbing the microbiome of the scalp or provoke dryness because shampoos contain a large amount of PAH.
“The nutritional mask softens the lipid layer of the scalp, facilitating the penetration of nutrients. Although the penetrating ability of masks is not too great, they act physiologically and sparingly on the tissue,” explains Vladislav Tkachev, a dermatologist, Ph.D., a trichologist, and founder of Dr. Tkachev’s Training and Clinical Medical Center.
According to Vladislav Tkachev: “In a practical sense, the most convenient form of delivery of medicinal ingredients to the level of hair follicles is the use of liquids in the format of lotions, where the transport function is more often performed by alcohols, as well as transport enhancers (conductors) – liposomes.”
Indelible lotions, sprays, tonics, serums for the scalp are released for day and night use. The composition includes vitamins, antioxidants (turmeric extract, green tea), peptides, minerals like magnesium and zinc.
Ampoules for the scalp should be used in a course, applying for the mutterings. Most often in the composition, there are such ingredients: caffeine for vascular toning, adenosine, and niacinamide to stimulate hair growth, capsaicin, which has a local irritant effect, as well as vitamins A, C, E, PP, Group B. L’Oreal brands have impulse compounds based on the derivative minoxidil – aminexyl.
Minoxidil: will it help with hair loss
Special among products from hair loss are medicines based on minoxidil. This very potent but ambiguous ingredient was developed in the mid-20th century as a cure for stomach ulcers; later, it turned out that it helps from hypertension due to vasodilator properties, well, and “the back” was an improvement in hair growth.
“Minoxidil drugs do their job, often improve hair growth when other remedies have proved ineffective, and remain the first line of external treatment for androgenetic alopecia,” says Vladislav Tkachev.
But, according to him, the panacea of minoxidil is not: “Not all patients are sensitive to it, and in some cases, there are side effects: dermatitis, excessive growth of facial hair. It is important to apply the drug once or twice a day, and even small breaks in treatment are undesirable. Over time, the hair loses its sensitivity to minoxidil, and it stops helping. Therefore, minoxidil drugs should be combined with other means, including antiandrogenic drugs, injections, physiotherapy.”