Chemicals are not provocative, but rather fierce immaculate skin is. For anybody that experiences scars, acne, dark spots, or hyperpigmentation, thinking of clear skin can appear to be incomprehensible. Be that as it may, there are approaches to get delightful, unique skin while reducing melanin.
And reducing melanin is — a severe topic for individuals who are serious about their skin. Since melanin is associated with your skin color, you will need to understand what melanin is and what it means for your skin.
Guess what? We got everything covered in this detailed guide — so without further ado, let’s get started.
What is Melanin?
Everybody’s skin has a pigment called Melanin; regardless of whether you’re light or darker looking, you have melanin. Be that as it may, melanin comes in various forms and proportions.
Melanin is created by cells called melanocytes that give colour to your skin, eyes, and hair. The outer layer of skin is where melanocytes are found.
So it’s a black to the dark brown pigment that occurs in everyone’s skin. Mostly we all have the same number of melanocytes, but some people’s skin produces more numbers and types of melanin than others.
Therefore, everybody’s skin forms a different amount of melanin. You will look darker if you have more melanin. In some cases, melanin can occur in different body areas and make the skin look darker than in other areas.
This case is called hyperpigmentation, where some areas of your skin are kind of darker than others.
There are many medicines, treatments, and natural ways that you can follow to reduce the production of melanin in your body. But before that, let’s look at how melanin forms in your body.
Reason for Melanin Production in Your Body
Melanin is naturally produced in your body to protect your skin from harmful sunlight. It tans your skin when exposed to sunlight. That said, the more you expose your skin to the sun, the more melanin is formed in your body.
Generally, melanin is formed on your skin to protect it from UV rays, which in turn lowers the risk of skin cancer. Melanin can absorb around 50 to 75% of UV rays, which is excellent.
Therefore, if you do decide to reduce melanin in your body, make sure that you are watching out from direct sunlight and are using sunscreen or other skin-protecting nourishments to prevent the exposure of your skin to UV rays.
Disclaimer: Ensure that you visit your local doctor or dermatologist before opting for over-the-counter medicines or treatments. You cannot permanently lower melanin’s production, but you can reduce it by following our mentioned steps and covering your skin from direct exposure to sunlight.
Natural Remedies to Reduce Melanin
If you are skeptical about the whole idea of treatments or over-the-counter drugs, then luckily, you also have a way around it. There are many natural ways that you can choose to reduce not only your melanin levels but also improve the health of your skin, hair, eyes, nails, and overall body.
One of the best ways to do that is by taking multivitamins; you can take them either from foods or in the form of tablets or capsules; both work best. Here are some natural ways that can help to reduce melanin and make you look flawless.
1. Vitamin C can Reduce Melanin:
Increase your vitamin C intake by eating food that is rich in vitamin C. Fruits and vegetables like oranges, limes, or any citrus fruit, strawberries, mango, and vegetables like tomatoes, collard greens, cabbage, peppers, and broccoli.
2. Vitamin A can Reduce Melanin:
Carrots, squash, apricots, pumpkin, turnip greens, sweet potatoes, and so forth foods are rich in vitamin A. Besides that, milk, cheese, butter, and eggs are also a good source of vitamin A. Vitamin A helps to promote new cells, and if possible, make sure to eat raw rather than cooking.
3. Vitamin E:
Though vitamin E doesn’t directly reduce melanin, it lowers the pigmentation caused by melanin. Some foods that are fortified in vitamin E are cereals, eggs, yams, mangos, butter, natural oils, spinach, broccoli, and margarine.
4. Avoiding Exposure to Sun Prevent Melanin Production:
Try to avoid direct sunlight; it can lead to higher melanin production. Cover your legs, arms, necks, and face; if possible, try to get clothes that offer better protection. You can cover your legs by wearing socks or shoes. Hat and sunglasses are also useful.
5. Use Sunscreen:
If you happen to move a lot during the day, then you can use sunscreen protection. Remember that the more you avoid exposure to the sun, the better. Check the SPF (Sun protection factor) of your sunscreen lotion, as the higher, the better, and many have low SPF, and thus they are not much of a use.
6. Turmeric can reduce melanin:
According to some studies, turmeric can reduce melanin, all thanks to the active compound present in it called curcumin. It suppresses melanocytes’ ability to produce melanin. (Source:- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21584871)
7. Aloe vera Gel:
Aloe vera can also reduce melanin, especially after sun exposure. It can not only mitigate melanin but also lighten your skin.
8. Green Tea:
Apart from many health benefits that come with green tea, it contains a compound named EGCG (Epigallocatechin Gallate) that can forestall the accumulation of melanin.
9. Can you Permanently Remove Melanin Production?
No, you cannot. Melanin is continuously and spontaneously created in everyone’s body. Genetics is the deciding factor for the amount produced. You can remove existing hyperpigmentation and lighten your skin but cannot permanently remove or reduce the production of melanin in your body.
Removing Existing Deposits of Melanin in your Body
There are a ton of ways that can help you to remove or lower the melanin levels in your skin. However, make sure to visit your dermatologist before following any methods, as they can give the best guidance according to your skin.
Laser therapy is the most common and effective treatment to reduce melanin in your body. It uses a laser or light pulse to remove the top layers of the skin. They can also use peel or cream to lighten the larger area if you wish.
During the treatment, you will be given an eye guard for protection from the laser. The treatment will be 30 to 60 minutes, where the doc will rub a laser device on the needed area while blowing cool air on your skin so that the laser doesn’t overheat your skin.
The treatment will be longer if you are treating larger areas. Similarly, it will be shorter if you are dealing with just a few spots. Generally, the treatment will not hurt, it will only be a bit pricky, and you may feel hot.
That said, if you feel any pain or agony, inform the doctor or the dermatologist right away. Moreover, there are different types of laser treatments that include Ablative lasers, Nonablative lasers, and QSRL (Q-switched ruby laser).
Depending on your skin type and need, you will be treated. However, laser treatment is not everyone’s cup of tea. It can be responsible for some side effects such as infection, discoloration, and scarring.
Let the dermatologist check you out to see if you are suitable for the treatment or not.
Medicines to Reduce Melanin
One of the most popular over-the-counter medicines is — hydroquinone. It is famous for skin bleaching. Many dermatologists recommend this medicine to treat various hyperpigmentation types such as dark spots, melasma, freckles, and so forth.
It is a depigmenting agent that helps to reverse melanin and to lighten the darker areas on your skin. Mostly you will need a prescription from a doctor or dermatologist to purchase this drug. It is safe and effective in treating your skin.
Similarly, Metformin is also another drug that can help reduce melanin, and it works by suppressing essential melanogenic proteins that ultimately reduce melanin. Metformin is an effective medicine to cure hyperpigmentation.
All things considered, make sure to consult your local dermatologist before going for any skin bleaching medicines. Generally, some side effects include skin irritation, dryness, redness, and inflammatory reaction.
Furthermore, most skin-lightening drugs contain sulfite that can cause allergic reactions to individuals having sensitive skins.
One of the most usually used oxidizing agents to reduce melanin is Hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide has the potential to lighten your skin, remove discoloration, scars, and blemishes. It is also responsible for whitening your nails, teeth and lightening your hairs.
You can try this out by applying a thin layer of hydrogen peroxide on a cotton pad to your affected skin. After 5 to 10 minutes, rinse the skin with warm water. Over time, you will find lighter and clearer skin.
That said, do not overuse this treatment — more than 2 to 3 times a week. It can cause dryness to your skin.
Dealing Melanin with Reduction Pills
Melanin reduction pills that contain Glutathione are another way to reduce melanin from your body. Glutathione lightens and improves the health of your skin and overall complexion. Besides that, it is also known to reverse aging patches by inducing your skin cells with antioxidants.
It is found in many foods and cosmetic products, and interestingly it is also produced in our liver, making it a chemically free agent. Thus safer to consume, there have been no possible side effects of consuming glutathione pills. Most doctors insinuate that it is safe for adults to take it orally or by injection.
Melanin helps to prevent the harmful effects of UVR by tanning our skin. However, you can lighten it with pills, medicines, treatments, or naturally by eating multivitamin foods and following the mentioned steps.
With that said, if you have any doubts or concerns — you know what to do!