Personal scales are not visually very different from each other. The only visual differences can be color, size, and design. However, the number of functions available to personal scales can be a big difference. You will need a simple mechanical personal weight if you only gain weight after Christmas and before the summer season. It is priced in the order of several hundred crowns.
If you are considering buying a quality personal scale, think about how accurate the weight should be. You can choose from an individual mechanical weight, which shows only indicative importance, or a digital weight.
How To Choose a Weighing Scales
No matter how you choose the brilliant personal weight, do not forget the practical side of its use. One of the main things is the size of emotional significance. Don’t be em0-10000 because if the device’s size isn’t enough, you don’t consider it big legs. Therefore, test the scale in person before buying if your legs are significantly larger than average. Think of it as your primary personal scale test, so you’re sure it suits you. When purchasing a small scale, you will not fit both legs on it, and the weighing will be inaccurate.
If you are interested in weighing accuracy, then choose according to program accuracy, which means that the scale will measure you precisely to the nearest 100 g. Load capacity is also essential. For example, if you buy a personal weight with a maximum load capacity of up to 150 kg and weigh 170 kg, the importance will no longer measure you. There are individual scales up to 150 kilograms, individual weights up to 200 kg, and even individual scales up to 250 kg.
If you have a more prominent family, it is important how many users can remember the device. If you’re a fan of innovative technology, be sure to check if your device is capable of working with the same technologies your phone or tablet supports before buying a digital personal scale. For example, some multifunctional personal scale communicates via wifi; others have only Bluetooth.
One of the most important criteria when choosing a personal scale is the way of use. This should be easy to handle. All information should appear on a large LCD; an intelligent personal scale with memory should remember twelve users. The buttons that control functions should be clearly described in more giant letters so that you do not have to take a magnifying glass when setting up.
An exciting criterion that can affect the choice is the material from which the device is made. This has a significant impact on appearance, and what we tell ourselves will be one that will interest us when choosing. Manufacturers are aware of this, so it is about functionality and becoming a design element in the bathroom with scales. Of course, this does not apply to everyone, but the offer is so vast that everyone can choose. Most scales are made of plastic. There is nothing wrong with it, and you can also create exciting pieces out of it. But personal glass scales offer the true hallmark of exclusivity. It doesn’t have to be like they’re made of glass. Elements of stainless steel, imitation, or natural wood are often used as a compliment, and for really luxurious devices, they can also be precious metals. There are no limits to the imagination in this area, and you can buy a personal weight of all possible and seemingly impossible forms and shapes at home. This criterion depends on personal preferences. It is unimportant to some and maybe crucial to others.
Smart scales can do a lot these days. That’s why they’re sometimes called smart or intelligent scales. In the following paragraph, we will present what can be measured with their help.
It measures the proportion of muscle mass in your total weight. I was wondering how it works? It is a so-called bioimpedance. In layman’s words, this is the resistance of living tissue during a weak electrical signal. With the help of at least two electrodes, a feeble electric current of different frequencies is routed into the body. Based on them, it is monitored what resistance the tissue puts on it during transit. Electric current is well guided by muscles in the body (because these are tissues rich in water and electrolytes). As a result, these tissues have low resistance.
On the contrary, fat tissue and bones have excellent resistance. The device calculates the proportion of muscle mass based on the specified values – weight, height, age, and gender. It is clear from its description that this is not a very accurate measurement. Take it with a grain of time, but it’s enough for a rough idea. By the way, a deviation of 5% is considered quite common from an instrument of this type.
If you want to get the most accurate results, beware of the following recommendations:
- do not drink alcohol or caffeinated beverages the day before the measurement
- the day before the measurement, do not do demanding physical activity (the walk is fine, 10 km run will affect your results more)
- a few hours before the size, do not eat or drink
- in women, omit measurements during the monthly period
Amount of water in the body
The measurement itself works on the same principle as for the muscle mass above. The human body is about 55-60% water. This amount changes throughout life. Newborns have over 70% water in their bodies. During growth, this amount decreases, and in adulthood, males have about 60%; females have about 55% water in their bodies. In old age, this proportion drops even below 50%. More significant loss of body fluids (more than 3%) can lead to fainting or elevated temperatures. By the way, did you know how vital water is to our body? It’s part of all our cells, so for it to function correctly, your body needs water. And it doesn’t matter if it’s the muscles or the brain. It is also a carrier of nutrients and a reactor in some chemical reactions in our bodies. Last but not least, it acts as a cooling system, where it can balance body temperature by sweating.
From a weight loss point of view, we have two types of adipose tissue in our bodies. The first is subcutaneous fat, and the second is visceral fat. Subcutaneous fat is the most visible one. From an aesthetic point of view, you bother us the most, but from the point of view of health problems, it is not as harmful as the other. Visceral fat is the white fatty tissue that surrounds the body’s organs. It’s also called inner-abdominal abdominal fat. It is safe from the point of view of diabetes or atherosclerosis. At first glance, it’s not as noticeable as the subcutaneous one as a risk signal is generally taken if the waist circumference is greater than 90 cm in women and 100 cm in men.
Again, this is not a value that must be taken literally. In a person with a height of over 190 cm, the 100 cm waist circumference may still be acceptable, and in a 150 cm tall, it may be risky even less. In any case, if you exceed these values, it is an excellent idea to discuss the situation with your doctor and arranges a proper examination with him. In domestic conditions, you will never achieve such accurate measurement. It works on the same principle as in muscle mass and the amount of water in the body. If you are thinking about getting rid of visceral fat, know that you cannot do without a regular dose of exercise or exercise. Whatever different diets promise you, you may reduce the proportion of subcutaneous fat with them, but not the visceral one significantly.
Weight of bones
Analysis showing the total weight of bones in the body. This figure is also based on bioimpedance. So again, consider it an indicative figure for which a slight deviation is entirely appropriate.
Here lies the well-known Body Mass Index (BMI) metric, calculated as a human weight in kg divided by height in m to the other. Example: If I measure 180 cm and weigh 80 kg, my BMI is 80/1.8*1.8 = 24.7. According to the BMI, which is almost at the limit of obesity, yet it may be average weight. Why?
BMI does not work very well in athletes or people with an athletic physique. Muscles weigh something, and that’s why these people are overweight according to BMI, even though the reality is different.
In addition to BMI, there are other quick ways to check the height-to-weight ratio. One of them is the so-called ‘green belt.’ The Broc Index, named after the French physician Paul Broco. It is calculated as (weight x 100) in kg / height – 100 (in cm). According to this index, 90-110% are taken as ideal values. Less than 90% means underweight; higher values mean overweight. However, like BMI, it does not account for a different muscle structure in athletes.
So what are the recommended BMI values?
|less than 16.5||heavy undersuach|
|16,5 – 18,5||underweight|
|18,5 – 25||ideal weight|
|25 – 30||overweight|
|30 – 35||obesity in the first degree|
|35 – 40||obesity in the second degree|
Basal metabolic consumption
BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) indicates optimal daily energy consumption, increased by approximate energy expenditure based on estimated physical activity. That’s the amount of energy you should also receive. If you are going to reduce your weight, your daily energy intake should be slightly lower. But, again, it is a calculation for the “average person” (figure). So if you’re out of your average physique (to muscle, too skinny, or obese), there’s little precision for you. If you are interested in how BMR counts, there are several formulas. The original one is called Harris-Benedict, and it depends as follows:
- BMR(women) = 655.0955 + (9.5634 × weight in kg) + (1.8496 × height in cm) – (4.6756 × age in years)
- BMR(men) = 66.473 + (13.7516 × weight in kg) + (5.0033 × height in cm) – (6,755 × age in years)
Other variants of calculations are called Katch-McArdle and Mifflin – St Jeor. Neither of them is perfect, and it achieves better results for some types of characters than others.
AMR (activating metabolic rate or active metabolic output)
This is the sum of BMR and the number of calories the body needs for essential exercise and activity. AMR depends on your activity. The more active you are, the higher the AMR value.
This figure compares your basal metabolism with people of the same age. Simply put, it says whether your body is in better shape than other people your age. For example, suppose you’re 40 years old. Your metabolic age can quickly come to 30 if you have a healthy lifestyle and play sports, and it can also come out at 50 if you don’t live too healthy. The calculation is based on basal metabolic consumption compared to static data on other people your age.