One of the biggest problems in watering well water is sediments. If the spring in our well doesn’t drag sediment, we’re in luck. We’ll have to filter the water a little bit. If, on the other hand, the water in the well shows certain turbidity, we will be forced to assemble a more complex system.
That is to say that the water is obvious and leaves no residue at the bottom of a transparent claw after leaving it for a few hours at rest. With a filtration stage of at least 5 microns, we will have relatively clean water. This is always essential before moving on to the next stage of disinfection.
When the water always presents a little cloudy
Removing the sediments that cause it can be much more complex. It all depends on the nature and size of the particle, which causes the muddying.
You can always start by increasing the number of filtering stages because of the low cost of filters. For example, with two or three stages equipped with sediment filters. The first of 50 microns and the second of 5 microns, the largest possible size, depending on the flow we want to filter. The minimum size of these filters is 10 inches, for small consumptions, and always the larger, the better. At this point, we can recommend the use of 1-micron filters; this is the smallest step we can use and is only practical in sizes of 20″ or larger. This is the most used glass for us: 20″ micron filter cup. This filter of a micron lets little water pass, so stupid of filtering, but it is the most advisable for the greatest water disinfection by UV sterilizers.
Models with transparent housing allow us to control the degree of dirt of the filter, and that if it is excessive, it tells us that we must make the change of the filter. These changes (at least twice a year), not only are made by excess dirt; we must change them with some periodicity. This periodic change prevents the possible rot of retained particles, which can cause or increase bacterial contamination.
If water clearance is not achieved; We will have to resort to depositing decanting and/or sand filtration. These systems have in this guide their own input, which can be seen in the above links.
Water disinfection stage, the most important step to water the well water
When we want to water well water, disinfection is more necessary than advisable. Motivated by any bacteria and parasites, it may contain.
It is well known that, especially in summer times, gastroenteritis abounds, but this is only a small sample of what bacteria or parasites in water can cause us. Internal parasite infestations are among the most serious conditions that can come from unsalted water. Viruses can also cause the most serious infections, and many bacteria cause repetitive infections in our intimate areas, especially in women, by using un disinfected water in daily hygiene.
Disinfection systems are always installed after the previous stage, and as we said, the most effective filtering is 1 micron. The reason is to make this stage more effective, avoiding small solid particles that may contain bacteria. This is especially important for UV sterilizers. Using its lamp, this system kills the organisms that manage to pass through the previous stages, freeing us from germs, parasites, and viruses.
Being such an important stage has two entries in this guide: chlorination and ultraviolet disinfection. You can delve into the topic in them, choosing the most convenient one for you. In this regard, only make you see a problem that arises if we choose chlorination as a means of disinfection to water the well water; By using chlorine as a disinfectant medium, we can initiate a chemical reaction is completely undesirable chlorine-derived compounds, trihalomethanes. If you want to know more about these compounds and how they originate, we advise you to read this article from the purificaragua.com blog: What are the trihalomethanes of chlorinated water.
Where to install these stages.
Filters followed by the UV sterilizer will be installed at the outlet of the pump or pressure group. Benefiting from the system the entire installation. When it is only a matter of protecting the house, it will be installed at its entrance. With these protections, the water will be free of solid impurities and bacteria. This makes your well water safer for consumption.
Purifying stage to water well water.
At the initial entrance over well water, we indicate the recommended purification systems. Here indicate a few assessments.
This stage is usually mounted in the kitchen of the house and provides water for drinking and cooking. You can always install a system for the whole house, but I think it is not worth purifying the water used for scrubbing or in the toilet pulling the chain. If you are interested in doing it for the whole house anyway, you can resort to sizing both purifying systems and reverse systems with high production systems.
In wells located in growing areas where any chemical (pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers) from agriculture can be filtered, and well water is to be watered, it is essential to resort to reverse osmosis. This system increases the water’s purity to be consumed, as it is the most effective method. Eliminating in a high percentage (97.7%) any dissolved chemical, being the only system to reduce lime and other minerals. Let’s say reverse osmosis is the system that really allows us to water well water.
Water from wells with lots of lime and minerals.
In these cases, for daily use in housing, you can choose a softener system. These systems improve water use in daily hygiene, cleaning, and washing clothes. Not being entirely recommended for drinking water. That’s why it doesn’t quite get into the issue of watering well water. Everything about these systems is at the specific entrance: Anti-lime systems.
If you opt for a softener, it is highly recommended that you install a mosses system to consume the water. Remember that a softener only improves water to be more effective with detergents. They remove lime but add sodium, which is more harmful to health.
Disinfection and softeners.
Whenever you work with untreated chlorine water and decide to assemble a softener, you can never do without the disinfection stage. If until sterilized water enters the softener, we’re inoculating all the bacteria the water could carry. This makes the softener a place where opportunistic bacteria find a medium to contaminate. Contamination of the softener presents the risk of possible infections, and the development of bacteria renders softening resins useless. This causes the softener to stop fulfilling its mission prematurely.
One last clarification on the mineral content, because an excess of them is detrimental to our health. The maximum recommended salinity is about 140 mg. of dry residue(14ohf hardness). To reduce this content, we only have one alternative reverse osmosis.
I have tasted waters that tasted good, going unnoticed by the large number of minerals they carried. There are certain minerals, which barely add flavour to the water, and yet they are more harmful than lime. Therefore, after assembling your system to water well water, we always advise water analysis.